January 12, 1959:
Motown is founded by Berry Gordy Jr. in Detroit, Michigan.
The name, combining “motor” and “town,” has come to be synonymous with Detroit. The record company produced the likes of Jackie Wilson, Smokey Robinson, the Supremes, the Four Tops, the Jackson 5, Gladys Knight, and Stevie Wonder. The label developed a unique musical genre that combined soul and pop elements and became known as the, “Motown Sound.”
January 12, 1962:
The first American combat operation in Vietnam begins.
82 U.S. Army helicopters transported more than 1,000 South Vietnamese paratroopers to attack a Viet Cong stronghold ten miles west of Saigon. The Viet Cong were caught unaware by the swift attack and routed. The operation demonstrated the viability of helicopter troop transport and greatly changed the U.S. approach to the war.
This Day in History by Jim Daley; Copyright 2019; Publications International, Ltd.